A urologist is a physician who has specialized knowledge and skill regarding problems of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.
Because of the variety of clinical problems encountered, knowledge of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and other specialties is required of the urologist. Urology is classified as a surgical subspecialty. A urologist with advanced qualifications in surgery may be a fellow of the American College of Surgeons (FACS).
Urologists must graduate from an approved medical school and complete an ACGME accredited urology residency program that is a minimum of 5 years in length. One year must be spent in general surgery, 3 years in clinical urology, and a minimum of 6 months in general surgery, urology, or a clinical discipline relevant to urology. The final year of training must be spent as a senior/chief resident in urology with appropriate clinical responsibility under supervision.
Specialties Within Urology
The American Urological Association has identified eight subspecialty areas:
- Pediatric urology
- Urologic oncology
- Renal transplantation
- Male infertility
- Urinary tract stones
- Female urology
- Erectile dysfunction (impotence)